Spread over an area of 630 sq km, just next to the
Nanda Devi Peak (which is the second highest mountain
in India - 7816 m), is the Nanda Devi National Park.
It was established in 1980. The first men on record
to have reached this Sanctuary, while yet in its pristine
form, were the British Mountaineers Eric Shipton and
Bill Tilman. The area had largely remained undisturbed
till then, except for Tilman's successful attempt
on Nanda Devi in 1936. However, from 1950 onwards
the increasing number of treks and climbing expeditions
to the area has somewhat affected the virgin character
of this place. A unique mix of flora and fauna is
characteristic of this park. The fauna includes the
brown and Himalayan black bears, Himalayan thar, snow
leopards, serow and chir pheasants.